VERDUN


VERDUN
VERDUN, town in the department of Meuse, E. France. During the ninth and tenth centuries it was a stronghold and a station on the trading route of slaves captured in Germany or England and who were sold in Spain. According to Christian sources, merchants engaged in this trade were Jews, but from Hebrew sources this appears to be doubtful. On the other hand, the latter mention the tosafists of Verdun, Samuel b. Ḥayyim, a disciple of Jacob b. Meir Tam (Rabbenu Tam), Samuel b. Joseph the Younger (Ha-Baḥur), and his brother Jacob. Later the Jews were no longer authorized to live in Verdun and in the bishopric, and it was in vain that the town appealed to the Council of basle , in 1434, for the right to admit them temporarily. During the 18th century some Jews of metz unsuccessfully attempted to obtain this same right (in 1710, 1748) and others, who had illegally settled there, were expelled (1752, 1774). The community, which was founded at the time of the Revolution, was affiliated with the consistory of nancy in 1808. At first it rapidly increased in numbers, reaching 217 Jews in 1806. From then until the 20th century its size was more or less constant. In 1970 there were about 80 Jews in the town. At Douaumont there is a monument to the 10,000 French Jews who fell between 1914 and 1918. Desecrated by the Nazis, it was restored in 1959. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: B. Blumenkranz, Juifs et chrétiens dans le Monde Occidental (1960), 13; C. Verlinden, in: Mélanges Félix Rousseau (1958), 673; Gross, Gal Jud, 205–7; G. Weill, in: REJ, 125 (1966), 297–8. (Gilbert Cahen)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Verdun —     Diocese of Verdun     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Diocese of Verdun     (VIRODUNENSIS.)     Comprises the Department of the Meuse. Suppressed by the Concordat of 1802, and subsequently united to the Diocese of Nancy, Verdun was re established… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Verdun — Verdun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Verdun —   [vɛr dœ̃], Name von geographischen Objekten:    1) Verdun [englisch və dʌn], Wohnvorstadt südlich von Montreal, Kanada, 61 300 Einwohner.    2) Verdun sur Meuse [ syr møːz], Stadt im Département Meuse, Frankreich, an den Maashöhen in Lothringen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Verdún — es el nombre de varios lugares en Francia: 1. Verdún, ciudad en el departamento de Mosa, sitio de la Batalla de Verdún durante la Primera Guerra Mundial. 2. Verdún, ciudad en el departamento de Ariège. Tratado de Verdún * * * Verdún, Tratado de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Verdun — (spr. werdöng), 1) (V. sur Meuse) Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Maas, 205 m ü. M. an der Maas gelegen, Knotenpunkt der Ostbahn und Festung ersten Ranges, besteht aus der von der Zitadelle beherrschten Altstadt mit winkligen Straßen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Verdun — (traité de) traité signé en 843 entre les trois fils de Louis le Pieux, qui se partagèrent l Empire carolingien. Louis reçut les pays de langue germanique, à l E. du Rhin; Charles le Chauve, les contrées de langue romane à l O. de l Escaut, de la …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Verdun — (Dutch, French, German, Romanian), Verdún (Spanish), Wirten (old German) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Verdun — (izg. verdȇn) m DEFINICIJA grad u SI Francuskoj, o. 25.000 stan.; galska utvrda u predrimsko doba (ant. Verodunum) mjesto u kojem je podijeljeno franačko carstvo (843) i poprište najkrvavije bitke u 1. svjetskom ratu: tijekom 7 mjeseci 1916.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Verdun — (spr. Werdöng), 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Maas; 27,25 QM., sieben Cantone, 85,500 Ew.; 2) V. sur Meuse, Hauptstadt desselben an der Maas, Festung mit starker Citadelle; Handelsgericht, 9 Kirchen, 3 Hospitäler, fertigt Leder,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Verdun — (spr. wärrdöng), deutsch Virten, Stadt und starke Festung im franz. Dep. Meuse, an der Maas, (1901) 21.360 E.; Umfang der Befestigung (11 Werke) 48 km. V. war im Mittelalter deutsche Reichsstadt, wurde 1552 von Frankreich in Besitz genommen, 1648 …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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